Damascus is made of multiple metals which are fused together to create a single piece. The Reinvention of Damascus Steel. Cast Damascus steel, known as wootz, was popular in the East. Damascus steel is a type of steel alloy that is both hard and flexible, a combination that made it ideal for the building of swords. It also has a characteristic pattern when forged into blades; it evokes an image similar to rippling water. Blades made from high-carbon steel are well known for their ultra-sharp edges. Stainless steel, high-carbon steel, or even a blend of the two are the main requirements to make this blade. Damascus steel is an exceptionally durable variety of steel that retains its durability no matter how thin it’s cut or how sheer the edge is made. Named for what is now the capital city of Syria, Damascus steel was originally an undocumented forging technique utilized by Near East and Middle Eastern sword makers. Like pretty much every other metal product on the market, the strength of Damascus steel is directly related to its quality. While some evidence may suggest Damascus steel dates back to 300 B.C., the first mentions of the famed steel date back to between 300 and 500 A.D. The contrast between steel types creates those distinctive patterns, especially when etched and oiled. Kind of hard to say that, what with the original recipe for Damascus steel being lost through the ages. Steel Types Used to Make Damascus Knives. Those are Damascus steel’s properties in a nutshell, but there’s still more to learn. Damascus steel is not to be confused with damascene, which is a process of inlaying gold leaf onto the surface of steel for the purpose of decoration. Damascus steel is a unique and beautiful product produced by meticulously combining two dissimilar metals to produce a product with properties of each constituent material. The steel needed to forge a Damascus blade can vary depending on the blade’s purpose. For all historical purposes, however, Damascus steel is rumored to have been serated at the nanolevel. Thusly, making it much sharper than anything a Japanese swordsmith has ever been able to produce. It's produced by melting pieces of iron and steel with charcoal in a reducing atmosphere (lacking oxygen).

what is damascus steel made of

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