This stone fruit is exceedingly juicy when firm and soft. They are prized for their sweet taste, golden yellow flesh, and lack of tartness. The most popular variety in the United States is the ‘Improved French Prune’ that makes some of the finest and sweetest prunes you can eat. If the plums are still hard and unripe, you can put them in a paper bag at room temperature to speed up the ripening time. Inside, the flesh of plums is soft and juicy, and it usually has an amber color. Elephant heart plums are generally ready for picking between September and October. In order to grow Mirabelle plums at your home garden, you will first have to find an authentic and reliable supplier that can provide you with good-quality plum saplings. Consumers of greengage plums suggest that these beautiful-looking fruits have dense and juicy flesh, having the right balance of honey-like sweetness and subtle acidity of citrus fruits. The skin of these sweet plums is dark violet, and the waxy coating gives them a smoky appearance. All these have their uses, so the final choice is usually a personal one. Just like any other plum, pluots can stay on the counter for three days and for one week in a refrigerator. It has been estimated that each plum contains a gram of fiber, a half-gram of protein, 6.5 grams of sugar, 30 calories only, and no fat or cholesterol. To help you out in discovering different types of plums, keep on reading this blog post. Damsons are usually ripe for harvesting from late August until October. These sweet plums have light orangey-amber flesh that covers a small pit. Fragrant, white flowers bloom from February through May, and edible red plums ripen late in the summer. Adjust accordingly for other locations.) The tarter cultivars are suitable for using in baking or making jellies. And because they're often harvested before ripe, they sometimes lack flavor. Search AC Nursery. Black plums have mild to sweet taste and are usually used in tarts to add texture to baked dishes. 2-in-1 Cherry Plum/Sprite Delight. It is also sold as Dinosaur Eggs. European plums will grow where it's neither too cold nor too hot. Quince. Did you know that plums are probably the first type of fruit cultivated by humans? Plums are delicious fruits that grow on trees and are classified in the genus Prunus. Dried plums are called prunes. The ideal time to get Black Beauty at grocery markets is in a midseason (spring and fall). Commercially the plums pass through a food dehydrator for 21 hours at 190F in order to remove moisture content of the fruit. Typically, they are used in dishes such as plum tarts as they don’t fall apart when baked or cooked. European Plums. They are a late-season plum variety that ripe in late July and August. This late-season plum is sweet, juicy, and has a small pit. These are some of the the sweetest form of plum and they have a distinct 'plum' fragrance. European plums grow well in a variety of soils, including heavy clay. The firm flesh and tart skin holds up well in cooking and baking. This helps give the dish more a come-together appearance and texture. Although the plum is juicy, it has a firm flesh, making this a popular variety to eat fresh. BLUE TIT. They can have black, purple, red, or yellow colored skin. Biting into these delicious stone fruits reveals a dark burgundy flesh that covers the large pit in the middle. This freestone plum variety has green-amber juicy flesh that turns a deep fuchsia color when cooked. In the United States, plum varieties that dehydrate without fermenting are called prunes. It has purplish skin and sweet flesh that ranges in color from amber to red. The common name blood plum refers to the deep red color of the skin and flesh. The drupe fruit has a long, oblong shape similar to a small pear. Stay away from plums that are small, hard, and have weird spots on them. Two popular types of Japanese plum trees are the Satsuma and the Santa Rosa. There are tons of plum varieties to choose from. Two varieties that are excellent for fresh eating and canning are 'Satsuma', a large, dark red, sweet plum, and 'Santa Rosa', a large plum with crimson skin and purple flesh that turns yellow near the skin. You may also find Moyer plums being sold as Italian plums, French prunes, Italian prunes, or just fresh prunes. It is believed that this type of fruit species was first cultivated in Syria and then in Rome; during the Crusades, the Romans introduced European plums to the Western part of Europe. Types of Coconuts: Green, Brown, White and More Varieties from Around the World (With Pictures and N... Types of Red Berries That Grow on Trees or Shrubs: Identification Guide with Pictures and Names, Types of Peaches: Freestone, Clingstone and More Peach Stone Types, Types of Cauliflower: Delicious Cauliflower Varieties From Around the World (With Images), Types of Plums: Black, Red, and More Varieties (With Pictures) – Including Plumcots, Apriums, and Pluots, Types of Peaches: Freestone, Clingstone and More, Types of Citrus Fruits With their Picture and Classification, Types of Cherries: Varieties of Sweet and Tart (Sour) Cherries. You can bite into the sweet flavorsome flesh and the stone comes away fairly easily. Gage - eating (desert) plums. They are usually sold fresh and plump, having a pleasantly sweet flavor. Many consider greengage plums as the best plums to use in desserts. Two-Story 5-Bedroom Southern Style Renville Home (Floor Plan), The Internet’s Brain Just Broke Over Blue Baby Yoda Cookies, I Threw Tofu on a Waffle Iron and it Was Revolutionary, The Turkey Tail (The Medicinal Mushroom of Immunity), Shanxiao Sales Pavilion, Chongqing by aoe, The Dos, Maybes, and Don’ts of Composting. We recommend it for … Unfortunately, they can’t be imported to other countries due to difficulties concerning the import of fresh and excellent quality of products. To ensure the healthy growth of Moyer Plums, plant its crop with other European plum varieties like Brooks Plum. Brought to the US from Bavaria in 1883 by Michael Ott. It’s rare to find these plum trees growing outside of France. Damson plum: These plum varieties are medium in size and round in shape with thick skin, juicy and yellow skin They start ripening in 1st week of June, the average yield can be expected during 40 kg /tree. (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. P. cerasifera (cherry plum) Prunus cerasifera is a species of plum known by the common names cherry plum and myrobalan plum. These yummy plums are also quite versatile in nature and can be used in the making of various dishes like ice creams, pies, and cakes. They are also one of the first trees to flower in spring. Tulare Giant - The Tulare Giant is a new Japanese plum variety. Plum Nutritional Chart. Moyer plums are large plums with a long oval shape and high sugar content. The purple-blue skin covers firm yellowish-green flesh that has a sour taste. You can use this plum in cooking as its firm flesh and sweet-sour taste adds flavor and texture to many dishes. This plum variety is considered one of the best European plums for its shape and taste. America’s romance with heirloom produce means more plum varieties each year. Most varieties of plums come in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh. This round plum is one of the few sweet plum varieties that ripens in mid-summer. Here’s a brief description of these plum hybrids: Let’s look in more detail at the various types of plums that are common in local stores. To let them survive for this long, you will need to refrigerate the plums. Compared to other dark-skinned plums, the ‘Black amber’ has firm flesh and distinct tartness to the taste. These are extremely sweet plums that have dark burgundy to purple skin and juicy yellow-orange to amber flesh. They consist of phenolic compounds that prevent LDL cholesterol from clogging into your bloodstream and thus lower the risk of a heart attack or stroke. Black Beauty ranges from medium size to full large size in deep purple color. Plucots are an early plum-apricot hybrid while pluot consists of plum traits more than an apricot’s. Most Japanese varieties require a … We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. Although they all bear the same basic type of fruit, their taste varies from tart and spicy, to sweet and perfumed. Both are great for jam and jelly recipies, and … Plums are usually categorized into Japanese plums (Prunus salicina) and European plums (Prunus domestica). Chickasaw plum trees grow well in meadows, prairies, pastures and plains. Japanese plums are the most common fresh plum available for sale due to a longer shelf life than European plums. This juicy plum has reddish-black skin that surrounds yellow flesh. Many flowering plum tree cultivars produce fruits of various colors, textures, flavors and sizes. These large plums have bluish-dark purple skins surrounding sweet flesh that is a light yellow color. Depending on the variety, greengage plums can range from a small to medium size and flaunt pale yellow-green to bright lime with red specks as their skin surface. The common European plum ( P. domestica ) probably originated in the region around the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea and is at least 2,000 years old. You can find these fruits in medium to large sizes with moist, reddish flesh. Greengage plums may appear to be deceiving with an unripe-shade – green.

varieties of plum

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