These were ‘the only two known to be in existence.’ In 1737 he kept a school in the Bull Ring, and there is still preserved a small slate slab, engraved with the words, ‘Grave Stones Cut in any of the Hands by John Baskervill, Writing Master,’ the very window-board exhibited by him. Four editions were issued, single lines plain and single lines with borders, double columns plain and double columns with borders. Baskerville was an early mentor to Matthew Boulton, who built Watt's steam engines. * ‘Paradise Lost’ and ‘Paradise Regain'd, &c.,’ Birmingham, 1759, 2 vols. During the twenty-five years I knew him, though in the decline of life, he retained the singular traces of a handsome man. The Baskerville Bible was first printed in Folio (Cambridge edition) in 1763. ‘I only want to set on foot a treaty; if they will not come to my terms, I may possibly come to theirs. This particular bible is arguably one of Baskerville’s most important volumes due to the quality of its bindings and the use of his endpapers. * ‘Quintus Horatius Flaccus,’ Birminghamiæ; typis Joannis Baskerville, 1762, 12mo. The Bible was printed in 1763 by Birmingham’s famous printer, John Baskerville — he of the namesake font — and is valued at £4,000-£6,000 ($5,200-7,800). 13. The Baskerville Bible of 1763 is perhaps the most famous work published by Cambridge University Press, and Baskerville's own type punches are among its most treasured possessions. Baskerville appears to have been a man driven by a sense of perfectionism, and strongly influenced by his earlier careers in related industries. Among the many ambitious schemes of Beaumarchais was one for a complete edition of Voltaire. * ‘The whole Book of Psalms collected into English metre by T. Sternhold, John Hopkins, and others,’ Birmingham, printed by John Baskerville, 1762, 8vo. Although the rioters were repulsed several times, the house was ultimately set on fire and gutted. Matthew Boulton’s family Baskerville Bible is an integral part of Birmingham’s history, a rare piece of typographic heritage, and an item of national significance. Baskerville assisted the children and settled 2,000l. [English Bible]. 203). On this date in 1706, John Baskerville was born in Wolverley, Worcestershire, England. He was employed as a footman and became a writing teacher and calligrapher. And almost half of big books printed by Franklin, were books of psalms or versified Scripture. Baskerville was born in the village of Wolverley, near Kidderminster in Worcestershire and baptised on 28 January at Wolverley church. At the commencement of his career he announced: ‘It is not my desire to print many books; but such only as are books of consequence, of intrinsic merit, or established reputation.’ When we recollect that he only worked for sixteen or seventeen years, producing but few works in the time, and these chiefly at his own risk, and that they included the writings of Milton, Addison, Congreve, Shaftesbury, Ariosto, Virgil, Juvenal, Horace, Catullus, Tibullus and Propertius, Lucretius, Terence, Sallust, and Florus, Baskerville can scarcely be looked upon as a man without taste and judgment in literature. dated 1772 and N.T. Byl inovátorem knihtisku a podstatně ovlivnil anglickou typografii a úroveň tištěných publikací. [Bible in English.] They were declined by the universities and by the London trade, who preferred the letters of Caslon and Jackson. royal 4to, portrait and plates by Grignion. In Suppose we reduce the price to 6,000l. Nothing finer had yet been attempted in England. He was remarkably polite to the stranger, fond of shew; a figure rather of the smaller size, and delighted to adorn that figure with gold lace. 4to. The New Testament title page is dated 1771. Cambridge: Printed by John. The impressions of the plates are inferior to those in the octavo form, especially as regards the first two volumes. The last bequest was disputed by the executors. * ‘Characteristicks of Men, Manners, Opinions, Times, in three volumes, by the Right Honourable Anthony, Earl of Shaftesbury; the fifth edition,’ Birmingham, printed by John Baskerville, 1773, 3 vols. At 32 he took up the then-popular lacquering process known as japanning that made him wealthy. On this occasion he sought the aid of his old friend and correspondent, Benjamin Franklin, to whom he wrote in Paris on 7 Sept. 1767. 362). Baskerville’s first work featuring his refined letterforms — a collection of Virgil — was produced in 1757, which was followed by nearly 50 other classics. p. 723). He converted the place, says Hutton, ‘into a little Eden, and built a house in the centre, but the town, as if conscious of his merit, followed his retreat and surrounded it with buildings’ (History of Birmingham, 1838, p. 195). 1762, 12mo, in double columns, without borders. Taste accompanied him through the different walks of agriculture, architecture, and the finer arts. Baskerville Font is an acute serif typeface reliable for a variety of textual relating profession nature. Baskerville’s first work featuring his refined letterforms — a collection of Virgil — was produced in 1757, which was followed by nearly 50 other classics. What became afterwards of the type is not known. ‘Quintus Horatius Flaccus,’ Birminghamiæ, typis Joannis Baskerville, 1772, 12mo. At the time of his birth this was considered the year 1706; it would now be considered early 1707. Mr. Timmins's copy is believed to be unique. 4. John Baskerville first printed the Bible in 1763. 813). 554). His typefaces were greatly admired by Benjamin Franklin, a fellow printer. This short biography of John Baskerville (1706-75) was published in 1914 by Josiah Henry Benton (1843-1917), an American lawyer and author. British printer and inventor who, after beginning his career as a calligrapher and gravestone engraver, gained lasting recognition for developing a typeface in 1754 that is still used today. This appears to be the ‘Horace’ of 1762 with new title-page. His work, although criticized by some, became an inspiration to many, including Benjamin Franklin. In his italic letter, whether capital or small, I think he stands unrivalled; such elegance, freedom, and perfect symmetry being in vain to be looked for among the specimens of Aldus and Colinæus’ (Introd. John Baskerville (1706–1775), designer of type, printer, manufacturer, was born at Sion Hill, Wolverley, Worcestershire. John Baskerville (1706-1775) was forty-four when he gave up engraving to establish his own printing business. * The same, ib. 111). BASKERVILLE, JOHN (1706–1775), printer, was born at Sion Hill, Wolverley, Worcestershire, on 28 Jan. 1706. 20. Dedicated to Lord Bute by John Livie, frontispiece by Picart and Duflos, and vignette by Grignion, usually stained. This beautiful and monumental binding can be closely dated because Thomas Powys, formerly MP for Northamptonshire, was created Baron Lilford in 1797, and Staggemeier & Welcher are recorded in partnership on Villiers Street as of 1799. 30. His “resurrection” is notably ironic, like Caiaphas the high priest’s inadvertent prophecy in John … * ‘The Holy Bible, … with Annotations,’ Birmingham, printed by John Baskerville, 1772, folio (O.T. Firstly releases by the way of John Baskerville in Birmingham during 1750s. This book is usually much foxed; the text is not so correct as that of 1757. Gr. When John Taylor commenced the japanning of snuff-boxes, Baskerville, having a turn for painting, started in the same business, at 22 Moor Street, in 1740, when he effected a complete revolution in the manufacture of japanned goods. The two Molinis employed him in 1773 to print their octavo and quarto ‘Ariosto,’ of which Dibdin says, ‘paper, printing, drawing, plates, all delight the eye and gratify the heart. Baskerville's type was remarkably clear and elegant. and the wicked arts of Priesthood. … This edition has hardly its equal, and certainly not its superior’ (Library Companion, 1824, p. 758). Jeho nejznámější písmo Baskerville bylo zdigitalizováno a stále je oblíbené a používané. He does not appear to have been brought up to any particular trade, but having acquired great skill in calligraphy and in cutting monumental inscriptions, he went to Birmingham when about twenty years of age, settled in a little court near the High Town, and taught writing and bookkeeping. Matthew Boulton’s family Baskerville Bible is an integral part of Birmingham’s history, a rare piece of typographic heritage, and an item of national significance. 2–3). Describing Baskerville typeface a pioneer for many other serif font families will not be wrong. Baskerville became a writing master at Birmingham but in 1740 established a japanning business, whose profits enabled him to experiment in typography. Baskerville, born in Worcestershire, set up as a writing-master … The importance of the work demands all my attention, not only for my own (eternal) reputation, but to convince the world that the university’ had not misplaced its favours. On 8 June 1768 appeared the following advertisement: ‘Robert Martin has agreed with Mr. Baskerville for the use of his whole printing apparatus, with whom he has wrought as a journeyman for ten years past. John Baskerville died in 1775 and according to his wishes, his body was buried in unconsecrated grounds but his memory lived on. Mores of the ingenious Mr. Baskerville is certainly a just one. 52. 3. Yorke, by Robert Andrews.’ Birmingham, printed for the author by John Baskerville, 1761, royal 8vo. Baskerville of Birmingham, that enterprising place, made some attempts at letter-cutting, but desisted, and with good reason. * ‘The Virtues of Cinnabar and Musk, against the Bite of a Mad Dog, illustrated in a letter to Sir George Cobb, Bart. Since that date the feeling has changed to one of almost boundless admiration. He wrote from Birmingham to Dr. Caryll, vice-chancellor, on 31 May 1759: ‘I have at last sent everything requisite to begin the Prayer Book at Cambridge. Hearing that the court was willing to resume negotiations, he desired Franklin to use his influence. 55. 25. There is a tradition that the body was placed in the vaults of Christ Church; but the ‘Worcester Herald’ for 12 Sept. 1829, quoting from a Birmingham journal, assures us that the remains were re-interred in a piece of ground adjoining Cradley Chapel, the property of a branch of Baskerville's family. This new type had caused a great stir in 1757 when he used it to print an edition of the poems of Virgil on expensive wove paper. In 1758 he was appointed printer to the Cambridge University Press where, in 1763, he printed his master folio Bible using his perfected refinements in ink, paper, and press. Mrs. Baskerville died on 21 March 1788, and lies buried near the east end of St. Philip's Church, Birmingham. David Jennings, D.D.,’ London, printed by John Baskerville for T. Field, &c., 1764, small 8vo; second edition issued by Sarah Baskerville in 1775. With a new title-page, * ‘Baskerville's original edition of “Edwin and Emma,” first printed in the year 1760. He also issued, without dates, the following specimens: ‘A Specimen by John Baskerville, of Birmingham,’ nine sizes of Roman and Italic, with border; the same on larger folio, seven sizes of type, without border; ‘Proposals to Print “Virgil” from Cambridge edition, with Specimens of Type,’ on rough brown paper, 4to; ‘A Specimen by John Baskerville of Birmingham,’ sm. ‘Proposals for Printing the Poetical Works of John Milton,’ 1757 and 1758, 8vo. folio, the same as preceding, on firm thin (bank-note) paper. & R. Tonson, 1761, 4 vols. * ‘Titi Lucretii Cari de Rerum Natura libri sex,’ Birminghamiæ, typis Johannis Baskerville, 1773, 12mo. His first edition of the King James Bible, printed in his own typeface on fine paper, is a … roy. In 1763 was published the book on which he had bestowed so much pains and money, one of the finest English bibles ever produced. The works which may be found in the British Museum are indicated by an asterisk: 1. 33. * ‘The Art of Angling and Compleat Fly Fishing, second edition, by Charles Bowlker,’ Birmingham, printed by John Baskerville for the author, 1774, 12mo. Describing Baskerville typeface a pioneer for many other serif font families will not be wrong. We are told that the young king, George III, and his mother, the Princess Dowager of Wales, ‘most graciously received’ copies of his octavo Prayer Book in 1764. In 1776 Chapman used the Baskerville type for an edition of Sherlock's ‘Practical Discourse on Death,’ 8vo. Brunet says that certain copies of the first volume have a few bordered pages. David Jennings, D.D.,’ second edition, Birmingham, printed by Sarah Baskerville, and sold by Joseph Johnson at 72 St. Paul's Churchyard, 1775, 12mo, a new setting up of type. ‘Sermon at Bromsgrove on the Death of Spilsbury, by T. Tyndal,’ Birmingham, printed by J. Baskerville, 1769, 12mo. Baskerville is described as living in a handsome house; he manufactures his own paper, types, and ink, and ‘carries on a great trade in the japan way’ (Letters, 1767, i. John Baskerville (1706-1775) was forty-four when he gave up engraving to establish his own printing business. upon the mother, who married him upon the death of her first husband. Although in his lifetime he was underappreciated compared with his close contemporary William Caslon , he is now recognized as the other half of the duo that transformed English printing and type founding. 49. Some of Baskerville's types were in use at Messrs. Harris's office at Liverpool in 1820. He was also in trouble over a lawsuit, and at last wrote on 2 Nov. 1762 to Horace Walpole, as a patron of the arts, sending him a folio sheet with border, being ‘specimens’ of his various types, and asking for his support. John Baskerville (1706–1775), the most meticulous and innovative of the eighteenth-century English typographers, became the printer to the University of Cambridge in 1758. THE HOLY BIBLE, containing the Old testament and the New translated out of the original tongues and with the former translations diligently compared and revised by His Majesty´s special command. I am taking great pains in order to produce a striking title-page and specimen of the Bible, which I hope will be ready in about six weeks. At age 17 he was engraving tombstones and at 20 started an engraving business. * ‘An Apology for the True Christian Divinity … by Robert Barclay. Baskerville lost a great deal of money in his printing ventures, and at one point asked for a government subsidy while he was printing his masterpiece, a Bible for the University of Cambridge. His typographic experiments put him ahead of his time, had an international impact and did … The house suffered during the great riots of 1791, and was attacked by the mob on Friday, 15 July. Baskerville,’ 1766, sm. Baskerville established an early career teaching handwriting and is known to have offered his services cutting gravestones (a demonstration slab by him survives in the Library of Birmingham) before making a considerable fortune from the manufacture of lacquerwork items (japa… The original issue may be known by p. 224 being printed 424, and the heading of the tenth book reading ‘Liber decimus Æneidos.’ The 1771 reprint is on inferior paper, and is less carefully printed. * ‘Avon, a poem in three parts [by Rev. of England, ii. The Holy Bible, Containing the Old Testament and the New. … Let the reason of my parting with it be the death of my son and intended successor, and, having acquired a moderate fortune, I wish to consult my ease in the afternoon of life.’ Franklin replied ‘that the French, reduced by the war of 1756, were so far from being able to pursue schemes of taste, that they were unable to repair their public buildings.’. The Baskerville Bible of 1763 is perhaps the most famous work published by Cambridge University Press, and Baskerville's own type punches are among its most treasured possessions. In a series of views of those occurrences, published in 1793, the house is represented as a large mansion of three stories, with an avenue of trees and a pond; some of the old façade, now in ruins, may still be seen at the lower end of Broad Street; it forms part of a manufactory. Comp. For the next three or four years he printed scarcely anything except an English edition of Barclay's ‘Apology’ for the booksellers, Andrews's ‘Virgil,’ and a small octavo ‘Virgil’ on his own account. 8vo. small 4to, not a mere reissue, but a totally new setting of the type. The Greek cut by him or his for the university of Oxford is execrable. In ‘Quintus Horatius Flaccus,’ Birminghamiæ, typis S. Baskerville, 1777, 12mo. 5. 1763 John Baskerville Bible, brown leather front and backboards, spine with raised bands, gilt floral stamp decoration and red title label. His recipe is given by Hansard (op. 28. [Bible in English.] The errata are corrected. We learn from Chambers that the name of the workman who executed the types was John Handy; he died 24 Jan. 1793. ‘The Political Songster, addressed to the Sons of Freedom and Lovers of Humour, by J. Free,’ Birmingham, printed for the author by J. Baskerville, 1771, 12mo. Matthew Boulton, John Baskerville, Baskerville Bible, Birmingham Assay. John Baskerville (1707–75) was a Birmingham printer and industrialist, an Enlightenment figure with a worldwide reputation who changed the course of type design. iii. In At 32 he took up the then-popular lacquering process known as japanning that made him wealthy. He produced editions of Milton, the Bible 1763 and Shakespeare 1769. Samuel Ryland, the next owner, leased the estate to a Mr. Gibson, who cut a canal through, and formed wharves. 4to. This particular bible is arguably one of Baskerville’s most important volumes due to the quality of its bindings and the use of his endpapers. 8vo; vignettes and head and tail pieces by Sim. It is also the most correct of all Baskerville's editions of the classics; for every sheet was carefully revised by Mr. Livie, who was an elegant scholar’ (Editions of the Classics, p. 226). The Bible had not been commercially successful, and his warehouses were full of unsold copies of his other speculations. 36. p. 604); unfortunately copies are nearly always stained. Gaskell 35. … by Joseph Dalby, surgeon,’ Birmingham, printed by John Baskerville for the author, 1762, 4to. * ‘The Beauties of Nature, displayed in a Sentimental Ramble through her Luxuriant Fields, … by W. Jackson, of Lichfield Close,’ Birmingham, printed by J. Baskerville for the author, 1769, 8vo; contains some Greek; printed on the worst coloured paper Baskerville ever used. * ‘An Account of the Expedition to the West Indies against Martinico, with the reduction of Guadelupe, and other the Leeward Islands, subject to the French King, 1759; by Capt. ‘An Ode upon the Fleet and Royal Yatch (sic) going to conduct the Princess of Mecklenberg to be Queen of Great Britain,’ Birmingham, printed by John Baskerville and sold by R. & J. Dodsley, &c., 1761, 4to. Title: The Holy Bible, containing the Old Testament and the New: Translated out of the Original Tongues, and with the former Translations Diligently Compared and Revised, by His Majesty's special command. Latest news from the West Midlands Ironically, it was a Folio Bible, which would become the masterpiece of Baskerville’s press. 1771), with poorish plates; the paper and general appearance unsatisfactory. He therefore offers his service to print at Birmingham for gentlemen or booksellers, on the most moderate terms, who may depend on all possible care and elegance in the execution. to the Classics, ii. Sarah Baskerville printed: 1. The following is believed to be a complete list of John Baskerville's publications.  pp. James's Chronicle’ for 5 Sept. 1758 announces that ‘the university of Oxford have lately contracted with Mr. Baskerville of Birmingham for a complete alphabet of Greek types, of the great primer size; and it is not doubted but that ingenious artist will excel in that character, as he has already done in the Roman and Italic in his elegant edition of “Virgil.”’ The Greek New Testament did not, however, appear until five years later. CAMBRIDGE, Printed by JOHN BASKERVILLE, Printer to the University. In 1758 he was appointed printer to the Cambridge University Press where, in 1763, he printed his master folio Bible using his perfected refinements in ink, paper, and press. His ink had a rich purple-black tint, and the uniformity of colour throughout his books testifies to the care taken in printing every sheet’ (Printers' Register, 6 Jan. 1876). 31. 11. The heading of the tenth book is ‘Æneidos liber decimus.’ 3. Benjamin Franklin told him in 1760 that a gentleman ‘said you would be a means of blinding all the readers in the nation; for the strokes of your letters being too thin and narrow hurt the eye, and he could never read a line of them without pain.’ Others complained of the gloss of the paper, but the letters themselves ‘have not that height and thickness of the stroke which make the common printing so much the more comfortable to the eye.’ E. R. Mores said: ‘Mr. Several years passed in making experiments, and upwards of 600l. Reuss says, ‘editio splendida … typorum et chartæ nitore insignis. Hist. Rent was paid by Baskerville for the premises in Moor Street from 1740 to 1749. ‘His wife,’ says Noble, ‘was all that affectation can describe. Shenstone had some share in bringing it out; the engravings especially were under his supervision (Letter to Graves in Works, 1791, iii. * ‘The Holy Bible,’ Cambridge, printed by John Baskerville, printer to the university, 1763, royal folio; the large paper is a sumptuous book; some copies are dated 1760. He developed a new and better ink; he exploited the recent invention of so-called woven paper; and he generally brought fine printing to new heights. John Baskerville printed works for the University of Cambridge in 1758 and, although an atheist, printed a splendid folio Bible in 1763. John Baskerville (1706 -1775), English printer and creator of a typeface of great distinction bearing his name, whose works are among the finest examples of the art of printing. 1733–37: writing master in Birmingham. 29. The project came to nothing. * ‘A Vocabulary, or Pocket Dictionary, to which is prefixed a compendious grammar of the English language,’ Birmingham, printed by John Baskerville and sold by Messieurs Dod, &c. 1765, 12mo. & R. Tonson, in the Strand, London, 1761, 3 vols. The Baskerville Bible was first printed in Folio (Cambridge edition) in 1763. Few will know his books and ... [Illustration] Right: A great ambition of Baskerville’s was to print the Holy Bible and the Book of Common Prayer, a right to publish held by Cambridge University. His typographic experiments put him ahead of his time, had an international impact and did … * ‘The Holy Bible, with Annotations,’ Birmingham, by J. Baskerville, 1769, folio, with Grignion's plates. The famous quarto ‘Virgil,’ the first of those ‘magnificent editions’ which, in the words of Macaulay, ‘went forth to astonish all the librarians of Europe’ (History, ch. At age 17 he was engraving tombstones and at 20 started an engraving business. 40. The terms granted by Cambridge were extremely onerous; the success of his Bible, which had cost him 2,000l., was doubtful, and he was anxious to sell his ‘whole scheme’ to the Russian or Danish courts, to whom he had sent specimens, unless he could obtain a subsidy from the English government. John Baskerville was an avowed atheist and renown printer. 43. 556). This font family is also known as old style transitional typeface. In 1820 some workmen came upon Baskerville's coffin, but it was covered up again. Mr. Smart, a Worcester bookseller, and well known as a collector of Baskervilles (he called his house Baskerville House), told Dibdin that on the death of the printer he went at once to Birmingham and made large purchases from the widow—stated, in a ‘Guide to Worcester’ he published, to have extended to 1,100l. Baskerville's success encouraged him to print an edition of Milton's poetical works in 1758. Instructions were left that the place should be sold. The Holy Bible…. Baskerville made small profit; the booksellers did not encourage the printer-publisher. * ‘The Works of the late Right Honourable Joseph Addison, Esq.,’ Birmingham: printed by John Baskerville, for J. This short biography of John Baskerville (1706-75) was published in 1914 by Josiah Henry Benton (1843-1917), an American lawyer and author. a friend to the liberties of mankind directed his body to be inurn'd. ... of his folio Bible in 1763 and Vergil's works in Latin in 1757. * Another edition, Oxonii, 1763, 8vo; the lines are about half the length of those in the quarto. Noble, who knew him personally, says: ‘He was footman, I think, to a gentleman of King's Norton, near Birmingham, who used to make him instruct the poor youths of his parish in writing’ (Biog. ; *the same, 1772, 12mo. John Baskerville\'s important contributions to history of publishing was spent before he could produce a letter to please his fastidious eye, ‘and some thousands,’ adds Hutton, ‘before the shallow stream of profit began to flow’ (p. 196). The perfection of his work seems to have unsettled his compatriot printers, and … * ‘Orlando Furioso di Lodovico Ariosto,’ Birmingham, da' Torchj di G. Baskerville, per P. Molini e G. Molini, 1773, 4 vols. In Latin and English, by Wm. The secret of making good ink had been lost in England for two centuries until Baskerville's experiments. Gribelin, usually stained. Later versions of the KJB, including the magnificent Baskerville Bible printed in 1763 using the “Baskerville” typeface created by British printer John Baskerville, an engraved 18th-century miniature of the New Testament done completely in shorthand, and quarto and octavo editions in elaborately tooled bindings, speak to the book’s popularity. Hunter, M.D.,’ Birmingham, 1774, atlas folio; splendid line engravings by Strange and others; reprinted from lithographic transfers in 1828. Baskerville, Birmingham, Printing. 6d. in sheets. One of his efforts in stone-cutting was a tomb, formerly in Edgbaston churchyard, erected to the memory of Edward Richards, an idiot, who died on 21 Sept. 1728. * ‘Quintus Horatius Flaccus,’ Birminghamiæ typis Johannis Baskerville, 1770, roy. 8vo, two editions, one single lines and one double lines, both with borders. 12mo; a quarto Bible, with cuts, 1789; and editions of the Abbé d'Ancourt's ‘Lady's Preceptor.’ Martin's name as a printer then disappeared. … Maschio hæc editio nostris in terris rarissima non innotuit’ (Bibliotheca Nov. Test. John Baskerville. * The same, 1774, 12mo. 8vo, portrait by T. Chambers, and three engravings by Grignion.