/1cb4e79835e1dec7517611c5bfec64d12 73 0 R NIST gratefully acknowledges the broad contributions of the NIST Cloud Computing Security Working Group (NCC SWG), chaired by Dr. Michaela Iorga. >> endobj Edge computing could be an innovative new way to collect data, but it also opens up a world of additional security headaches. The aims of this paper are to gain an understanding of Quantitative and Qualitative analysis and furthermore to both evaluate and improve the use of those methods. << endstream What is Cyber Security. 0000004973 00000 n /Fit] Cloud computing has become an attractive paradigm for many organizations in government, industry as well as academia. This review would provide clarity on the current trends in task scheduling techniques based on convergence issues and the problem solved. This allows instructors to more easily see when students are stuck or heading in the wrong direction. Cloud computing offers a range of potential cyber security benefits for cloud consumers to leverage, providing access to advanced security technologies, shared responsibilities, fine-grained access management, comprehensive monitoring and highly redundant geographically dispersed cloud services. This is not just a problem-the shift from old software models to the internet has achieved constant speed over the past eleven years. Qualitative analysis describes methods that consider loss in a subjective form. /P 91 0 R /Rect [158.4 367.36 291.6 378.88] It has a range of exercises from introductory to advanced. In fact, a number of unchartered risks and challenges have been introduced from this new environment. We also assume that the unit cost of deploying Diversity on a VM such that a given VM is replaced with the backup OS (Fedora in Table 5.3) is 55$ per operation which includes the costs of experts, maintenance, and loss of productivity for a given VM for an operation per year, ... Attackers attempt to make a resource unavailable so that they might take advantage by sending an anomalous request to it [11]. /753866cc400ab49cf87ed2f17aeb4b605 78 0 R In this paper, we first introduce mathematical definitions for the combination of three MTD techniques: \emph{Shuffle}, \emph{Diversity}, and \emph{Redundancy}. II. stream Cloud data protection. cybersecurity challenges which are likely to drive IoT research in the near future. endobj /P 91 0 R 576 537 333 333 333 365 556 833 833 833 cyber-security, and see how this measure can be used to analyze cloud computing as a business model. >> 556 556 556 556 556 556 548 610 556 556 /ProcSet [/PDF EX endobj 90 0 obj 0000004782 00000 n © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Moving Target Defense (MTD) is a proactive security mechanism which changes the attack surface aiming to confuse attackers. /H /N /Rect [158.4 401.92 239.76 413.44] << << /Length 153 Then, we utilize four security metrics including system risk, attack cost, return on attack, and reliability to assess the effectiveness of the combined MTD techniques applied to large-scale cloud models. /Fabc5 93 0 R %xN����#|� ��Y�`�g�>��ykV���k�I����/�?�o��+��%�"dݙp��(��������~�W$�����ۏ��B3�}K(�����G��=��v>|�c�ᭆ�x{�ǯ���Ɇ"��Ɖ�2��-��=Q�F�%_{�x�8�ƯEU{^�',�g�@C��Ȟz��oY������;�-A���zI�nx"���U�O'���)7,�7.�4{+�@�V�ݙM���,��I�i��n),�Av��4�&�D��`q2��S�& ����9ے�(����X~�X�(�R�9�4�H�M~D��QV������*d�"��j�V"]�%��� 0000006789 00000 n Dr. Iorga was principal editor for this document with assistance in editing and formatting from Wald, Technical Writer, Hannah Booz Allen Hamilton, Inc. /N 12 /Prev 980542 /Type /XObject >> /Pages 62 0 R 0000002805 00000 n e-solutions. /StemV 80 /753866cc400ab49cf87ed2f17aeb4b603 74 0 R >> /D /64e37ce3a9606efa805a3b60aed496d8 500 556 556 556 556 277 277 277 277 556 compare and contrast the evolution of institutions in the two economies and the roles of various components of institutions in shaping institutional actors’ cybersecurity related behaviors. 666 666 666 277 277 277 277 722 722 777 Looking forward, the next tenner of cloud computing has given new ways of connecting everywhere by web-enabled devices. /D /dd9d6baaf6159b8bf574404b3a3bfb28 First, a new approach to threat classification that leads to a security assessment model that is systematic, extendable, and modular. << These security concerns need to be addressed in 4 • Identity, access, and contextual awareness • Data protection and privacy • Virtual infrastructure and platform security As such, it offers all the advantages of a public util-ity system, in terms of economy of scale, flexibility, convenience but it raises major issues, not least of which are: loss of control and loss of security. 350 610 350 350 222 222 333 333 350 556 of cloud computing that is starting to garner more attention is cloud security, as well as Security-as-a-Service (SECaaS). Cloud computing leverages MTD techniques to enhance cloud security posture against cyber threats. 96 0 obj 1 0 0 1 27.22 32 Tm /Size 113 Task Scheduling is use to map the task to the available cloud resources like server, CPU memory, storage, and bandwidth for better utilization of resource in cloud. stream EX /BaseFont /Helvetica-Bold ª 2012 King Saud University. Secondly, we focus on a specific context based on a cloud model for E-health applications to evaluate the effectiveness of the MTD techniques using security and economic metrics. CSIC-2010v2 and CICIDS-2017 are used in the experiment. • Cloud services are classed as ‘multi tenancy’ which means that all organisations may share resources or infrastructure while access is managed using different log on credentials; which could lead to concerns over data protection and security • there is reliance on the Cloud provider’s controls to segregate data between the different Earning the globally recognized CCSP cloud security certification is a proven way to build your career and better secure critical assets in the cloud. CSU researchers partner and collaborate with government and private industry to develop and deliver innovative engineering solutions in network security, information security, hardware-oriented security, Blockchain, and data science field. SECURITY ISSUES IN E-LEARNING : A LITTERATURE REVIEW E-learning concept is the use of technology to deliver information for training. This chapter explores the security issues in cloud computing systems and shows how to solve these problems using a quantitative security risk assessment model. >> e. Applies to cleared defense contractors who operate pursuant to DoD 5220.22-M endobj /47493f7af359334a9485192fe5900940 63 0 R The key is to choose the right technology—one that is designed to protect users, enhance safeguarding of data, and better address requirements under privacy laws. /E 590234 /Annots [96 0 R 97 0 R 98 0 R 99 0 R /753866cc400ab49cf87ed2f17aeb4b608 81 0 R Classifier ensembles have been considered for anomaly-based intrusion detection in Web traffic. 105 0 obj introduction of cloud computing, section II tells about the cloud computing models, section III is related work, section IV is factors affecting cloud computing, section V possible threats regarding cloud computing, section VI is about solutions to the security issues and section VII concludes the paper. 106 0 obj /S /GoTo Q 0000005543 00000 n /753866cc400ab49cf87ed2f17aeb4b604 76 0 R 0000006679 00000 n stream The threats vector for three sites are given in "Appendix C." To compute M (Site3, Components) for location Site3, we generate the PFR Site3 , as shown in "Appendix C." The list of threats relating to Site3 is given in the matrix of probabilities of components failure C Site3 as it is shown in "Appendix C." Finally, the threats vector P Site3 for site Site3 is given in "Appendix C." Moreover, we need to know the probability of each threat per hour as given in "Appendix C." The P Site3 values come from [8. /Type /Action Such an approach has clear advantages over access to machines in a classic lab setting. how cloud services and infrastructure could be harnessed to facilitate practical experience and training for cybersecurity. Download the 2019 Cloud Security Report by completing the form on the right. /Rect [158.4 355.84 282.24 367.36] 93 0 obj /Type /Annot 6. /CapHeight 716 Q /P 91 0 R In this paper, we investigate how the increased digitization of economic activities and the growth in cybercrimes have affected the development of cybersecurity-related formal and informal institutions. stream 0000062393 00000 n /aedf23070e6e64229f233e5bb70080eb 85 0 R /S /GoTo 103 0 obj paper looks at some of the major IoT application and service domains, and analyze the Seeing both the promise of cloud computing, and the risks associated with it, the Cloud Security Alliance (CSA) has created industry-wide standards for cloud security. >> handheld devices are changing our environment, making it more interactive, adaptive and /Info 87 0 R As deploying Diversity incurs cost, we formulate the \emph{Optimal Diversity Assignment Problem (O-DAP)} and solve it as a binary linear programming model to obtain the assignment which maximizes the expected net benefit. /H /N applications. Cloud computing is so pervasive today that most cyber security specialists also need some training in this field. ET /Type /Page Acknowledgement The RAD Lab's existence is due to the generous support of the founding members Google, Microsoft, and Sun Microsystems and of the affiliate members Amazon Web Services, Cisco Systems, Facebook, Hewlett-. /L 982362 0000005927 00000 n /753866cc400ab49cf87ed2f17aeb4b602 71 0 R The non-independent tasks has been scheduled based on some parameters which includes makespan, response time, throughput and cost. stream endobj /Length 67 Finally, research gaps and challenges are identified to improve overall equipment effectiveness (OEE) in presence of cybersecurity threats in critical manufacturing industries. 333 556 556 556 556 259 556 333 736 370 q endobj V؍�֊deٻ ��W�׃����i�c��O�.9���"�A��[+�>�y���ۉ)X�+���؅����%��U��� �����q�~Ws��K���r�j ��h�Z�^�Uvc��K+i�߸o#z���$�^ /Length 60 endobj interactions. Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences, A quantitative assessment of security risks based on a multifaceted classification approach, Cybersecurity Concerns for Total Productive Maintenance in Smart Manufacturing Systems, Evaluating the Security and Economic Effects of Moving Target Defense Techniques on the Cloud, Effective Security Analysis for Combinations of MTD Techniques on Cloud Computing, An Enhanced Anomaly Detection in Web Traffic Using a Stack of Classifier Ensemble, Convergence-Based Task Scheduling Techniques in Cloud Computing: A Review, Research of Information Protection System of Corporate Network Based on GNS3, A Computational Approach for Secure Cloud Computing Environments, Quantifying Security Threats for E-learning Systems, Security guidance for critical areas of focus in cloud computing v2.1, A Survey on Security Issues in Service Delivery Models of Cloud Computing, Identifying Cloud Computing Security Risks, Above the Clouds: A Berkeley View of Cloud Computing, The NIST definition of cloud computing (Draft), CLOUD COMPUTING: Implementation, Management, and Security, Information Security Expenditures: a Techno-Economic Analysis, Harnessing the Cloud for Teaching Cybersecurity, Cyber Security Threats to IoT Applications and Service Domains. 610 666 666 666 666 666 666 1000 722 666 Then, it highlights the effect of a variety of cyber-physical threats on OEE, as a main key performance indicator of TPM and how differently they can reduce OEE. Information systems and cloud computing infrastructures are frequently exposed to various types of threats. /FontFile2 111 0 R endstream /S /GoTo /S /GoTo /Width 650 /BitsPerComponent 8 To copy otherwise, to republish, to post on servers or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific permission. The cloud computing promises various benefits that are striking to establishments and consumers of their services. /Root 89 0 R It is intended to contribute to the prevailing body of research and will assist the researchers to gain more knowledge on task scheduling in cloud based on convergence issues. BT >> Finally, the performance of all classification algorithms in terms of a two-step statistical significance test is further discussed, providing a value-added contribution to the current literature. Cloud Computing Security for Tenants. endobj endobj Security of the data on the cloud is a major issue in cloud computing. /19a5b467e45457037e44e9fd3e8fd588 77 0 R A Web attack protection system is extremely essential in today’s information age. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 /S 228 /Type /Annot /Dests << Organizations continue to adopt cloud computing at a rapid pace to benefit from the promise of increased efficiency, better scalability, and improved agility. << These documents have objects are embedded with network connectivity and an identifier to enhance object-toobject /H /N the vendors, but also to the consumer. >> /Type /Action Cloud security will protection data, applications, and infrastructures involved in cloud computing.. /Font << 3. 97 0 obj /Border [0 0 0] In this paper, we discuss the application of a cyber security metric to E-learning systems, in light of their standard architecture, their well-defined classes of stakeholders, and their specific security requirements. /T 980553 E-learning systems epitomize computing systems and networks of the internet generation, since they involve multiple stakeholders, geographically distributed resources and data, and special requirements for confidentiality, authentication, and privacy. Projecting as an evolutionary step, cloud computing encompasses elements from grid computing, utility computing, and autonomic computing into an innovative deployment architecture. << /D /19a5b467e45457037e44e9fd3e8fd588 << random forest, gradient boosting machine, and XGBoost. /A << /Border [0 0 0] ��Y˴IM�\qW5�ݳU]lH�ZD>��(k��gB���늗�I�ß�#�Ȋ|X�y��y�8��oQm�Xt_��4OʏP3�I��N�2[� ����>�4��:��$Im �'eB��9���U3�j�������oP��=��&�c��LөL�3�8e�)+�2˴4�������� �t)��j�r�}��#�ND��|���L�9[�e��4��8 �j�s����ga�I'�E|W(�@���/Ů�>?��X�,m�ySf�ntu�U-vV�[�?��Κe�����%�Zœ@|�@�|֍�����8ڿ�HГ��=����g!E6h����G�G�c���½^@��vE�~�&�!≝�Lg!�T��P�. /Border [0 0 0] >> A report by RiskBased Securityrevealed that a shocking 7.9 billion records have been exposed by data breaches in the first nine months of 2019 alone. 8KvVF/K8leNuexNXqGgaF6qM0QDTaJDbZhE/VI3GEg=) Computer programs are being organized by an external party and located in the cloud. /Fabc5 10 Tf /Length 127 These security areas are increasing in attention in response to businesses move to the cloud – cyber thieves follow data and confidential information. /P 91 0 R We introduce (1) a strategy to effectively deploy Shuffle MTD technique using a virtual machine placement technique and (2) two strategies to deploy Diversity MTD technique through operating system diversification. /Widths [0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 277 277 /FirstChar 1 /Parent 62 0 R stream 277 277 277 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 /Type /Annot 89 0 obj /Iabc122 110 0 R EDURange is a framework for accessing, developing and assessing interactive cybersecurity exercises. >> /e5d2825d681306dd3813c992ebd55129 66 0 R >> << Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. There has been a modest increase in the number of such exercises, but the limit is usability. 99 0 obj personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. endobj /ABCpdf 9115 /D /e5d2825d681306dd3813c992ebd55129 It extends the benefits of TPM beyond the floor plans. /753866cc400ab49cf87ed2f17aeb4b60a 86 0 R These benefits encourage more business establishments, institutes, and users in need of computing resources to move to the cloud because of efficient task scheduling. >> endstream /D /aedf23070e6e64229f233e5bb70080eb endobj /Subtype /Type1 Maintenance is the core function to keep a system running and avoid failure. Users distribute information across multiple locations, many of which are not currently within the organization’s infrastructure. 0000006556 00000 n http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jksuci.2012.06.002, https://cloudsecurityalliance.org/topthreats. /LastChar 255 777 722 666 610 722 666 943 666 666 610 >> /Length 55235 0000003432 00000 n /H /N /Type /Action 583 583 556 1015 666 666 722 722 666 610 (1) Tj xref The purpose of the Secure Cloud Computing Architecture (SCCA) is to provide a barrier of protection between the DISN and commercial cloud services used by the DoD while optimizing the cost-performance trade in cyber security. The exercises we have created have manuals that instructors can use. To prove the generalizability of the proposed model, two datasets that are specifically used for attack detection in a Web application, i.e. coupled with the system inherent vulnerabilities presents a source of concern not only to x�c```f`�baP``�O�p� �)@�03A��l&T gb~���}��X��20&/�� �|*� d �4��%� �����A��A~e��b�zx�4+Ta�#�H(��b b f�P�@�y�!�;��#; zL� /753866cc400ab49cf87ed2f17aeb4b600 67 0 R When they support only live learning process they can be an electronic support for course. /Rect [158.4 344.32 281.52 355.84] >> /Type /Font provision solutions in which the /S /GoTo >> We will demo an introductory exercise about using the command line and an advanced exercise about network scanning. >> /Border [0 0 0] endobj /6575a595550a5b75e6c63bcbdf2a8e69 82 0 R 92 0 obj First, it provides concerns on principle of TPM regarding cybersecurity in smart manufacturing systems. Deloitte provides security capabilities needed for managing cyber risks associated with customer controls. In recent years, CSA released the “Security Guidance for Critical Areas in Cloud Computing” and the “Security as a Service Implementation Guidance”. We used the popular Amazon Web Services (AWS) cloud; however, the use cases and approaches laid out in this paper are also applicable to other cloud providers. (\251 Chartered Institute of Internal Auditors) Tj endobj While cloud service providers like Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP) continue to expand […] Unlike a conventional stacking, where some single weak learners are prevalently used, the proposed stacked ensemble is an ensemble architecture, yet its base learners are other ensembles learners, i.e. ª 2012 King Saud University. www.asd.gov.au/publications/pr otect/Cloud_Computing_Securit y_for_Tenants.pdf Termed as Internet of Things (IoT) evolving into Internet of Everything, the /Type /Annot ��r�K��m����b6R!��n�d|�:Y�.,��]�Up�kÂ{�t���_lXK�������w����|��,�m�s���_����e�d��������\ӣ��`�������.e?z)����~U��P�B���� This modern education is useful and interesting as it creates interactions between learners and instructors, or learners and learners regardless of time and space [2]. /Filter /FlateDecode 556 556 556 333 500 277 556 500 722 500 << Cloud computing is a service-oriented application, and it should guarantee the data integrity, privacy and protection services. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. In this paper, we show, We are currently living in the post-PC era where smartphones and other wireless q /Type /Action /BaseFont /ArialMT 7. /P 91 0 R 1 0 0 1 120 22 Tm >> << RESEARCH CAPABILITIES. 0000005735 00000 n security authorization of cloud services. BX From e-transport to e-health; smart living to e-manufacturing and many other /FontDescriptor 92 0 R /Fabc10 95 0 R d. Applies to commercial cloud computing services that are subject to the DoD Cloud Computing Security Requirements Guide (Reference (j)), developed by Director, Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA). The recent emergence of cloud computing has drastically altered everyone's perception of infrastructure architectures, software delivery, and development models.

cyber security in cloud computing pdf

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