1. Handsome foliage develops a golden bronze color in the fall. The American beech tree is a shade tree native to the eastern United States with strikingly silver-gray bark. Moisture: moist, well drained soils required 3. Beech grows on a variety of soil types and its thick canopy can form a dense shade. /Length 82182 height). Beech can reach from 15 to 50 meters (50 to 164 feet) in height, depending on the species. It can be used as a hedge or as a specimen. endobj Handsome foliage develops a golden bronze color in the fall. The American Beech is botanically called Fagus grandiflora. Although the American beech tree is known to attain a height of approximately 100 ft, in home landscapes, it has been seen that the species rarely exceed a height of 50 ft. Carl H. Tubbs and David R. Houston. Beech Trees are typically understory trees, so they can grow in areas that don't get much sun. Location of Michigan's Big Tree: Michigan's largest known American Beech can be found in Onekema, Michigan. The tree is naturally low-branched with attractive glossy green leaves providing deep, inviting shade. The beech tree has a short trunk, with a broad crown that can spread to 50 feet or more. The beech tree is a sturdy and imposing tree with a short trunk and wide-spreading crown. Facts on Beech Tree Seeds. The American beech tree has a broad spreading crown and a short sturdy trunk. It is also a low-branching tree. Carl H. Tubbs ... deciduous tree reaches its greatest size in the alluvial soils of the Ohio and Mississippi River Valleys and may attain ages of 300 to 400 years. Bark is light gray and smooth. It requires full sun but can tolerate shade. Beech grows on a wide range of soil types, acid or basic. These trees have been known to grow over 100 feet tall and live for hundreds of years. Description: The American Beech tree has a shallow root system and likes bottom land, and upland soil. Great urban shade tree for large, open sites; Height: 60-80 Feet Spread: 40-80 Feet Hardiness Zone: 3 - 9 Interesting Notes: The American Beech is a shade-tolerant species, favoring the shade more than other trees, commonly found in forests in the final stage of succession. In late winter, Beech Trees are clearly identifiable by their alternate slender bronze buds ready to develop on zigzagging twigs. Once full grown they can reach a height of 50-70 Feet and 35-50 Feet in spread. Best grown in deep, rich, moist but well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. The true beauty of this tree is revealed during fall. ] European beech is a very popular ornamental tree in parks and large gardens in temperate regions of the world. In Celtic mythology, Fagus was the god of beech trees. The Growth of the Beech Tree. Latin Name: Fagus sylvatica; Native words: Old Irish Scots Gaelic Old English Welsh eastern Celtic (); Ogham sign: ; Height when mature: 30-40m (98-130ft); Height after 10 years: 3m; Beech Tree Botanical Description: . American Beech1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION This massive tree will slowly reach a height and spread of 50 or more feet (Fig. We've got you covered. The tree likes Sun to partial shade at the location and the soil should be sandy - loamy to clayey. American beech is easy to collect, meaning you don't need any fibrous roots at all (really!). The tree is naturally low-branched with attractive glossy green leaves providing deep, inviting shade. This tree profile is for information only. 1 0 obj Its large oval leaves (six to 14 centimetres long) are dark bluish-green on top and lighter beneath. A database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. American Beech. American beech are not available through the Tree Montgomery Shade Tree program. 1). In a forest, under ideal conditions, these trees can reach 120 feet in height. Leaves on these trees average between 2 1/2 to 6 inches long. Other beech species are native to Europe and are sometimes planted as ornamentals. Trunks have distinctive thin, smooth, gray bark. Fagaceae -- Beech family. The American Beech (Fagus grandifolia) is a large, deciduous tree that grows in northern hardwood forests in the Adirondack Mountains of upstate New York.Sugar Maples and American Beech trees are the two dominant trees of the northern hardwood forest, often found growing together. Very shade tolerant. �P�8��˕09��m2H������S`~I��(Q� 9�2�A;�ϋ�>���@C� ��E5��7N�)����M-���C���s3MSED�F��m�����Y�ܯ?���6W�5DX-��F�Qm[&� Pj���d�=���qPG�sjĶ�؜�^�޶��p�r�j�Y���h?7w�N�IC���a|ۖ+mUQ������1�\�f�0w]��!��R�TQ�oۀ;jt^�k��A��? During Fall, the Beech's leaves are a bright golden color. Other beech species are native to Europe and are sometimes planted as ornamentals. )This specimen has lovely, purplish-red leaves. It also makes high quality, long-burning firewood. The branches sprout in alternate fashion. Forest grown trees reach up to 120 feet. Mature Spread: The wood is hard and difficult to cut or split, although at 43 pounds per cubic foot (690 kg/m ) it is not exceptionally heavy, and it also rots relatively easily. American beech is a large, graceful native tree, excellent for large, park-like landscapes where it has room to spread its wide, low-growing branches. The most robust specimens can grow to a height … It has a lifespan of 150 to 400 years, depending on the species. stream This broadly pyramidal tree has a strong central leader and a more open habit than other European hornbeams. The massive trunk has beautiful silver gray bark; the dark green summer foliage turns a golden bronze in the fall. American Beech (Fagus grandifolia) ... Carvings into the beech bark will persist for the life of the tree but besides marring the natural beauty of the tree may also serve as an entry way into the tree for fungi or wood damaging insects.

american beech tree height

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